In 1834, French physicist Jean Peltier discovered that when an electrical current is passed through a circuit made of dissimilar conducting materials, heat is absorbed at one junction and given up at the other. This phenomenon is known as the “Peltier Effect.”

Evolving from Peltier’s original discovery, today’s  hermoelectric modules (TEMs) are highly efficient heat pumps, directly converting electricity into cooling power.

With their small size, efficiency, reliability, and environmental friendliness, TEMs are becoming widely accepted as the most effective cooling source for many applications.

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